Equality: A long way to go for international organizations. The case of the G20 summit

The Group of Twenty (G20) is an informal forum originally created in 1999 by G7 finance ministers and central bank governors as a means to face the financial crises that emerging economies were going through. The objective was to have a broader impact when addressing financial challenges. WIth this in mind, the Group of Seven invited the world’s major economies to form a new ministerial-level forum: the G20. However, the global financial crisis that began in 2008 proved that new consensus-building strategies were needed, only this time it would take heads of state or government to gather and decide which steps would be taken in order to stabilize world economy. Since then, representatives from nineteen countries and the European Union have attended yearly summits accompanied by key international organizations (e.g. United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund), guest countries invited at the president’s discretion, and engagement groups composed of different sectors of civil society. Ten years later, the most important international economic coordination forum is chaired by a Latin American country for the first time as the Argentine government occupies the presidency this year. After each summit, world leaders sign a declaration outlining the objectives and policies for the near future. But the G20 has been consumed by a prolonged series of debates over basic issues and its communiqués have failed to be substantial and lead the way towards a cohesive project for global economy, and therefore, the reduction of inequality. It is time for policy makers to address the subject of inequality not only on a national level but most importantly on an international level. It is time for multilateral stages to become places where decisions are made and clear action plans are outlined. Continue reading “Equality: A long way to go for international organizations. The case of the G20 summit”

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La ideologización de la democracia en las relaciones internacionales durante el siglo XX

El siglo XX estuvo atravesado por la utilización de la democracia como ideología. Erigida como tal, fue el estandarte de las potencias de Occidente en el desarrollo de la Primera y Segunda Guerra Mundial así como también de los Estados Unidos durante la Guerra Fría. El camino que acaba con la caída del muro de Berlín y el fin del “socialismo real”, se inicia antes incluso de 1914.  Continue reading “La ideologización de la democracia en las relaciones internacionales durante el siglo XX”

Aproximaciones a la política latinoamericana 1990 – 2017

La política latinoamericana ha experimentado numerosas y profundas transformaciones en las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, los análisis sobre el escenario en la región presentan diferencias importantes. Para algunos analistas, en América Latina el populismo es endémico, los presidentes fuertes imponen sus agendas políticas, los partidos políticos son débiles tanto en el plano organizativo como en las arenas de gobierno y electoral. Para otros, en cambio, la región ha logrado importantes avances en materia de estabilidad política, de competencia y alternancia entre partidos de diferente orientación y hasta de reconfiguración de los poderes presidenciales.* Continue reading “Aproximaciones a la política latinoamericana 1990 – 2017”

UK: General Election 2017

Last year and following Brexit, David Cameron resigned and Theresa May became Prime Minister with promises of not calling for an early election. However, two months ago she triggered Article 50 and by doing so, the UK’s withdrawal of the European Union began. Two weeks later, she dismissed her aforementioned promises and called for an early general election (3 years earlier than planned). Now, after the terror attack at Manchester Arena on May 22nd, yesterday’s BBC Question Time Leaders Live program, and the Champions League Final just won by Real Madrid in Cardiff, a rather traditional campaign is reaching its end. The British Labour and Conservative parties are, once again, at the top of the polls, followed far behind by the LibDems and Ukip. All aim to win the most of a total of 650 seats and therefore have control behind the black door numbered 10 on Downing Street. Continue reading “UK: General Election 2017”

United States of Trump.

Against polls, the media, the voices of celebrities and even members of his own party, Donald Trump has become President-elect of the United States of America. This year has proven that political scientists and analysts have become part of a different kind of congregation, one whose divinity is embodied by polls and mega data. Brexit, the Colombian peace treaty, and now the results of “the leader of the free world”‘s election. Why did almost nobody predict what happened?  Continue reading “United States of Trump.”